Many residents throughout the United States rely on private wells to supply their homes with potable water. When these wells fail, access to fresh water can be significantly reduced. In order to ensure that your well functions properly, you need to know how to troubleshoot some common well problems.
Here are three things to look into if your well suddenly stops producing water in the future.
1. Test the power supply to your well pump.
Residential wells rely on a pump to move water from the well, through a pipe system, and into your home. These pumps need access to electricity in order to function properly. If your well suddenly stops producing a steady flow of water, you should begin troubleshooting the problem by checking the power supply to your pump.
Make sure that a power surge or sudden blackout hasn't tripped the circuit connected to your pump by switching the circuit off and then turning it back on again. If you can verify that your pump is receiving adequate power, then move on to the next phase of the troubleshooting process.
2. Check the pressure switch.
Most residential wells are equipped with a pressure switch that works to regulate the amount of water being delivered into your home by the well's pump. When the pressure switch senses too much water moving through the pump, it will automatically shut down the pump and you will not receive water in your home. This helps to prevent a continual supply of water in the event a pipe bursts or there is a leak in the system.
Try resetting your pump's pressure switch to see if the water flow is restored. If the pressure switch continues to activate, you likely have a leak or your pump needs to be repaired.
3. Check the depth of your well's pump.
If you well is serviced by a submersible pump, then it's important that you check the depth of the pump when you experience a sudden lack of water. If the water level drops below the pump's level, air will begin to be sucked into the pipe lines.
This could cause serious damage to your well pump, so the pump will shut itself off to avoid mechanical failure. Lowering the pump until it is fully submerged again will eliminate any flow problems caused by air in your pump.
Knowing how to troubleshoot your residential well pump will help you maintain constant access to fresh water in the future. For more assistance, contact a company like Modern Pump & Equipment.